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Role of Information and Communication Technologies in the Smart Grid

Al-Omar, Ban Abdul Elah
Al-Ali, Abdulrahman
Ahmed, Rana
Landolsi, Taha
In the smart grid operation and management, reliable and real-time information and communication networks play a very critical role. By integrating the appropriate information and communication technologies (ICT) infrastructure, automated control, sensing and metering technologies, and energy management techniques, the smart grid has emerged as a solution that empowers utilities and consumers to share the responsibilities of operating and managing the power grid more efficiently. This paper presents a survey on the role of ICT in the Smart Grid and Micro grid evolution from conceptual models to implementations.